In Vitro Fertilization

IVF, short for In vitro Fertilization, is a procedure by which egg cells are fertilized outside of the body but are then reinserted into the uterus for gestation. Developed in the 1970s by Dr. Robert Edwards, the use of IVF as a means of combating human infertility has boomed since the 1980s, but the IVF procedure and the fertility industry that has developed around it have raised new ethical questions as technologies have advanced. Embryos can now be tested for genetic mutations prior to implantation, leading to a debate about the ethics of selective implantation, and the debate about the potential for the creation of "designer babies," whose genes have been specifically engineered to express certain physical traits, such as blue eyes or blonde hair, has arisen as well. Regardless of the debates surrounding the procedure, IVF stands as a landmark for scientific advancement as the procedure revolutionized human reproductive potential

Credit: "Mediwave"