The Nuremberg Trials were a series of trials held to prosecute members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany for crimes against peace, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and conspiracy. Held at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, from October 18, 1945, to October 1, 1946, the first and best known of these trials was the International Military Tribunal (IMT). Twenty-two of the most prominent captured Nazi leaders were tried before judges representing four of the Allied powers - Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Twelve of those convicted were sentenced to death; three were sentenced to life imprisonment and four to prison terms ranging from 10-20 years. The Tribunal acquitted three of the defendants.
United States Army Signal Corps (staff photographer)