This course surveys the history of landscape architecture, in four realms: 1) gardens; 2) urban open spaces--that is squares, plazas, parks, and recreation systems; 3) urban and suburban design; and 4) regional and environmental planning. The course will review the cultural, social, and economic contexts that have shaped and informed landscape architecture practice and aesthetics, as well as the environmental concerns, horticultural techniques, and technological innovations of historic landscapes. Students will complete a midterm, final, and a research paper. You are also required to attend a paper topic session and a library research session to prepare for your research paper. Class attendance is absolutely necessary to complete the course with maximum success.