This course examines Near Eastern archaeology within the context of recent Middle Eastern history and society, from 1800 to the present day. We will explore how archaeologists and explorers created a Middle Eastern past, and the ways this knowledge is consumed by Middle Easterners as well as tourists. Primary sources will include European explorer's accounts, auto/biographies of archaeologists, excavation manuals, documentaries, and ethnographies. No prerequisites are needed. Students interested in both past and contemporary Middle Eastern history and societies are welcome.